difficult Consonants

Some consonants have two pronunciations, depending on the letter (generally a vowel) that is before that consonant.

Also INDICAR QUE TAMBIEN EXSITEN LOS CLUSTER, LAS DOBLES CONSONANTES Y OTROS

» Consonantic Digraphs
» Special clusters in Italian Language
» Double Consonants in Italian Language

The approximate English equivalents for these consonants are as follows:
  • c-C: This consonant has two pronunciations:

When "c" is followed by "a", "o", "u" or any consonant you pronounce it as in the English word Cat. It sounds like the English k. Example:

    • Casa  »  house.
    • Credere v to think, believe.
    • Con  »  with.
    • Colesseo  »  Colosseum.
    • Capo  »  head.
    • Cupido  »  Cupid.
    • Cane  »  dog.
    • Camera  »  camera.
    • Caffè  »  coffee.

When "c" is followed by "e" or "i" you pronounce it as you do the first and last sound in the English word Church, or like the English sound ch in chest. Examples:

    • Cena  »  supper.
    • Voce  »  voice.
    • Cibo  »  food.
    • Concerto  »  concert.
    • Aceto  »  vinegar.
    • Cinema  »  cinema
    • Cipolla  »  onion.
  • d-D: This consonant is somewhat more explosive than in English, with the tongue near the tip of the upper teeth but with no aspiration. Examples:
    • Di  »  of.
    • Dove  »  where.
    • Due  »  two.
    • Denaro  »  money.
    • Dodici  »  twelve.
    • Donna  »  woman.
    • Lunedì  »  Monday.
    • Moda  »  fashion.
    • Undici  »  eleven.
  • g-G: This consonant has two pronunciations:

When g is followed by "a", "o", "u", or any consonant, you pronounce it as you pronounce the g in the English word "good", or like "go". Examples:

    • Albergo  »  hotel.
    • Gamba  »  leg.
    • Gusto  »  taste.
    • Fungo  »  mushroom.
    • Gonna  »  skirt.
    • Gomma  »  eraser.
    • Lungo  »  long.
    • Guanti  »  gloves.
    • Guidare  »  to drive.
    • Lingua  »  tongue.

When g is followed by "e" or "i", you pronounce it as you do the first sound in the English word job or like the "g" in gem. Examples:

    • Gelato  »  ice cream.
    • Angelo  »  angel.
    • Pagina  »  page.
    • Gente  »  people.
    • Gesso  »  chalk.
    • Gentile  »  kind.
    • Gita  »  outing.
    • Gennaio  »  January.
More:
- Pronouncing Difficult Consonants II




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