CH (found only before e or i): Its sound is like the English "k" sound; as "ki" sound in king. Examples:
GH (found only before e or i): Its sound is like the "g" in get, gift, gitar. Examples:
GLI This sound is approximately like "ll" in million. Examples:
GN This sound is pronounced as the English "ny" like in canyon. The sound is actually the same as in the Spanish word "señorita" (seh-nyoh-ree-tah) (miss). Examples:
SCH This occurs only before e or i, and is pronounced like the English sk in diskette, sky, asking (remember the sound of italian vowels). Examples:
Important: When ci, gi, and sci are followed by a, o, or u, unless the accent falls on the i, the i is not pronounced. The letter i merely indicates that c, g, and sc are pronounced, respectively, like the English ch, g (as in gem), and sh.