Direct Object Pronouns
|1st. person||mi » me||ci » us|
|2nd. person familiar||ti » you||vi » you|
|2nd. person polite*||La » you (m. and f.)||Li » You (m.)|
|Le » You (f.)|
|3rd. person||lo » him, it||li » them (m.)|
|la » her it||le » them (f.)|
These pronouns are used as follows:
1. They stand immediately before the verb or the auxiliary verb in the compound tenses. Examples:
- Li ho invitati a cena » I have invited them to dinner
- L'ho veduta ieri » I saw her yesterday
- Ci hanno guardati e ci hanno seguiti » They watched us and followed us
In a negative sentence, the word non must come before the object pronoun.
- Non la mangia » He doesn’t eat it
- Perchè non li inviti? » Why don’t you invite them?
2. The object pronoun is attached to the end of an infinitive. Note that the final –e of the infinitive is dropped.
- È importante mangiarla ogni giorno » It is important to eat it every day
- È una buon’idea invitarli » It’s a good idea to invite them
- Volevo comprarla » I wanted to buy it
3. The Object pronouns are attached to ecco to express here I am, here you are, here he is, and so on.
- Dov’è la signorina? – Eccola! » Where is the young woman? – Here she is!
- Hai trovato le chiavi? – Sì, eccole! » Have you found the keys? – Yes, here they are!
4. The pronouns lo and la are often shortened to l'.
(*) Note that second person polite form pronouns are capitalized.