Gender of italian nouns

Most Italian nouns end in a vowel—those that end in a consonant are of foreign origin—and all nouns have a gender, even those that refer to a qualities, ideas, and things. Usually, Italian singular masculine nouns end in -o, while feminine nouns end in –a(-tà).

Masculine Feminine
Tavolo (table) Casa (house)
Sviluppo (development) Rosa (rouse)
Organismo (organism) Città (city)

There are exceptions for this rule, of course (see table below):

Masculine Feminine
Giornale (newspaper) F rase (sentence)
Pane (bread) Canzone (song)
Nome (name)  Notte (night)

Gender Inflections for Nouns:

  • Feminine is often obtained from masculine by the alternation -o : -a in the endings
Masculine Feminine
Amico friend Amica friend
Bambino little boy Bambina little girl
Cugino cousin (he) Cugina cousin (she)
Figlio son Figlia daughter
Maestro master, teacher Maestra teacher (female)

The alteration -e : -a also occurs, cf.:

Masculine Feminine
Signore mister Signora mistress
Padrone master, owner Padrona mistress of the house
  • Sometimes masculine and feminine are derived from different (or modified) roots:

The alteration -e : -a also occurs, cf.:

Masculine Feminine
frate friar soura nun
fratello brother sorella sister
padre father madre mother
uomo man donna woman
paperone drake oca duck

These are nouns with one form for both genders. Here are included all the nouns suffixed by -ista. Examples:

  • Artista  »  artist
  • Giornalista  »  journalist
  • Pianista  »  pianist
  • Turista  »  tourist etc

Some other nouns, like:

» camerata comrade » consorte consort
» compatriota compatriot » amante lover
» eresiarca heresiarch » cliente client
» idiota idiot » commerciante trader
» omicida murderer   » interprete interpreter