Italian Determiners

Determiners are words (as an article, possessive, demonstrative or quantifier) that makes specific the denotation of a noun phrase. In Italian they agree in gender and number with the noun.

Articles (a, an, the): They are used before nouns, but in Italian, nouns have gender and the articles must agree with the gender. Masculine words generally end in -o and feminine words generally end in -a. Words that end in -e may be either, so you will just have to memorize the gender.

Examples:

un amico  »  a friend (m) degli amici  »  friends
l'amico  »  the friend gli amici  »  the friends
   
un' amica  »  a friend (f) delle amiche  »  friends
l'amica  »  the friend le amiche  »  the friends
   
un ragazzo  »  a boy dei ragazzi  »  boys
il ragazzo  »  the boy i ragazzi  »  the boys
   
una ragazza  »  a girl delle ragazze  »  girls
la ragazza  »  the girl le ragazze   »  the girls
   
uno stato  »  a state (m) dei stati  »  states
lo stato  »  the state gli stati  »  the states
   
uno zingaro  »  a gypsy (m) dei zingari  »  gypsies
lo zingaro  »  the gypsy gli zingari  »  the gypsies

See [Italian Articles] for a deeper explanation and some examples of definite and undefinite articles.

Possessive Adjectives (my, your, his, her):
See [Italian Possessive Adjectives] for a deeper explanation and some examples of this topic.

Examples:

Singular Plural

il mio amico » my friend (male) i miei amici » my friends (males)
il nostro amico » our friend (male) i nostri amici » our friends (males)
la mia amica » my friend (female) le miei amiche » my friends (females)
la nostra amica » our friend (female) le nostre amiche » our friends (females)

Demonstrative Adjective (this, these, that, those):
See [Italian Demonstrative Adjectives] for a deeper explanation and some examples of this topic.

Examples:

Singular Plural

questo libro » this book questi libri » these books
quel libro » that book quei libri » those books
quello studente » that student quelli studenti » those books
quella donna » that woman quelle donne » those women



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