Demonstrative Adjectives

When demonstrative pronouns questo (questa, questi, queste) and quello (quella, quelli, quelle) are followed by a noun, they turn into adjectives.

The Demonstrative adjective (aggetivi dimostrativi) are:

  Singolare Singular   Plurale Plural
Masculine questo this   questi these
Feminine questa this   queste these
           
Masculine quello that   quelli those
Feminine quella that   quelle those
           
Masculine codesto that   codesti those
Feminine codesta that   codeste those

Codesto refers to something near the person being spoken to, but itis falling into disuse: quello is replacing it.

There is elision of questo, questa, and quella before a noun beginning with a vowel. Examples:

  • quest'aereo    this airplane
  • quest'aula    this classroom
  • quell'autostrada    that highway

Questa is sometimes shortened to "sta" and contracted with the noun it modifies:

  • questa sera (this evening)     stasera (this evening)

Demonstratives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify, and always precede them:

  • Questo libro    this book
  • Quella casa     that house

More examples:

  • Quel film che ti ho raccomandato si chiama "La vita bella".
    The movie that I recommended to you is called "The life is beauty"
  • Roberto Benigni quell'attore che fa ridere tutti.
    Roberto Benigni is the actor that made everybody laugh.
  • Quell'attrice che lavora nel film si chiama Nicoletta Braschi; quella che sposata con Benigni.
    The actress that was in that movie is Nicoletta Braschi; she is Benigni's wife.



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