Italian Conjunction

Conjunctions (le congiunzioni) join words and sentences together. Some of them are simple and common and don't cause any trouble--such as "e" and "o." Some other, longer ones require the use of the subjunctive. They are:

- benché, sebbene, malgrado, nonostante, quantunque
  » all mean: although, in spite of, even though

- purché, a patto che, a condizione che
  » all mean: provided that

- nel caso che
  » in case

Some others require the use of the subjunctive only if the subject of the main verb and the subject of the subjunctive are different; if the subjects are the same, the infinitive is required. They are:

- affinché, perché, cosicché, in modo che  »  in order to, so that
- senza che  »  without
- prima che  »  before

Below we have a list of the most common conjunctions:

Italiano

English

Takes subjunctive?


a meno che...non  

unless  

yes  

affinché  

so that, in order that  

yes  

perché (with sub)  

so that, in order that  

yes  

in modo che  

so that, in order that  

yes  

benché  

although  

yes  

malgrado  

although  

yes  

sebbene  

although  

yes  

quantunque  

although  

yes  

prima che  

before  

yes  

purché  

provided that  

yes  

a patto che  

provided that  

yes  

a condizione che  

provided that  

yes  

senza che  

without  

yes  

anche se  

even if  

no  

dopo che  

after  

no  

dunque  

therefore  

no  

perché (w/out sub)  

because  

no  

perciò  

for this reason, therfore  

no  

però  

however  

no  

poiche  

since, seeing that  

no  

quindi  

therefore, consequently  

no  

siccome  

as, since  

no  





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