Italian Conjugation

The infinitives of all Regular Verbs in Italian end in are, ere, or ire and are referred to as first, second, or third conjugation verbs, respectively.

In English the infinitive (l'infinito) consists of to + verb.


  • amare - to love.
  • temere - to fear.
  • sentire - to hear.

See Italian Verbs for some examples of verb termination and features.

Below you have detailed lists with three italian regular verbs’s conjugations in the eight simple & compound tenses: Parlare (To talk) Scrivere (To write) Dormire (To sleep) and Capire (to understand). The last one has a different conjugation in present tense, as you can see in the first table, but is a regular verb as well.

» Simple tense conjugations:
  Present tense, imperfect, simple past and future tenses.

» Compound tense conjugations:
  Present perfect, future perfect, plusperfect past anterior.

Conjugation of irregular verbs: While the majority of Italian verbs are regular, many of the most commonly used ones are irregular; they do not follow the regular pattern of conjugation (infinitive stem + endings). In particular, the auxiliary verbs essere and avere, and the common modal verbs potere (ability, to be able to), dovere (duty, to have to), stare (to stand, to be in a particular state), sapere (to know), and volere (to want to) are all irregular.

» Irregular verbs conjugations:
  Essere, avere, potere, dovere.