Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was born on 10 October 1813 in Roncole, a small village near Busseto in the former duchy of Parma. He was son of Carlo Giuseppe Verdi and Luigia Uttini. He was an Italian Romantic composer, mainly of opera. Verdi called himself "a peasant from Roncole", is one of the most influential composers of the XIX century.
He studied music in the neighboring town of Busseto, but he became a pupil of the Milanese composer Vincenzo Lavigna after being rejected in 1832, because of his age, by the Milan Conservatory.
Encouraged by Barezzi, in 1836, Verdi was appointed maestro di musica. The same year, Verdi married Margherita Barezzi and settled in Busseto, directing and composing for the local Philharmonic Society and giving private lessons for the next three years. He and Margherita had two children, Virginia and Icilio Romano.
Verdi got back to Milan at the age of 25. His first opera, Oberto, was produced at La Scala in 1839, it got some success. His next work was the comic opera Un giorno di regno (King for a Day, 1840) that was a failure. Verdi lamented of this failure and the recent deaths of his wife and two children, he decided to give up composing.
In 1842, Verdi wrote Nabucco induced for the director of La Scala. The opera created a sensation and was followed for two great successes I Lombardi in 1843 and Ernani in 1844. Of his next ten productions only Macbeth in 1847 and Luisa Miller in 1849 have survived in the permanent operatic repertory. Verdi gained international fame with his three following works: Rigoletto in 1851, Il Trovatore in 1853, and La Traviata in 1853.
Other works of Verdi are Un ballo in maschera (A Masked Ball in 1859, La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny) in 1862, Don Carlo in 1867, and Aïda in 1871, the most popular opera of Verdi. The most important non-operatic work of Verdi was composed three years later, the Requiem Mass in memory of the Italian novelist Alessandro Manzoni. Other non-operatic compositions include Inno delle nazioni (Hymn of the Nations) in 1862 and the String Quartet in E minor in 1873.
Verdi produced the supreme expression of his genius, Otello in 1887, composed to a libretto adapted from the Shakespearean tragedy Othello. After that, Verdi wrote his last work, Falstaff in 1893, considered one of the greatest of all comic operas.
On January 21 of 1901, the composer suffered a stroke from which. He died on January 27. First, he was buried next to his wife in Milan's Cimitero Monumentale; after a month, their bodies were moved to the Casa di Riposo, the foundation for retired musicians in Milan, founded by Verdi.