Before talking about the Italian Poems, we have to understand that Italian is a natural evolution of Latin with many influences from the war between some countries of Europe and Middle East. There was a time of prosperity for the Italian people and they began with their literature production.
In 13th century, Italian literature was born thanks to the religious influences, mainly from San Francisco de Asis who wrote the lauda lyrics that was a sacred and popular song known in the center of Italy; he also wrote Cantica del Sole or Laudes Ceaturarum in 1225. Dante Alighieri said that the most important literary movement in the 13th century was the dolce stil novo.
In the 14th century, there were many changes in the culture and medieval life that make way for a new concept of existence. Literal tradition had its great expression thanks to Dante Alighieri who is the most representative Italian writer; his works were the origin of the literary tradition and the modern linguistics. Some of his works talks about the spirit, the culture and the politics such as Vita Nuova, Convivio, De vulgari eloquentia and De monarchia. But the most important work of Dante Alighieri is La Divina Comedia a very poetic and complex work that attend the culture and the spirit of the middle age talking a lot about the religion.
When Italian people had great ideals of humanism, they began the Renaissance. The idea of the man as the center of the universe, as protagonist and creator of its own destiny characterize Renaissance having many ideals such as grace, beauty, harmony and synthesis between nature and man. During this age many artist appear such as Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Botticelli, Brunelleschi, Bramante, etc.
Decadence was the worst age for the Italian literature; it began in the late 16th century, continued during the 17th century and the early 18th century. Italians had great writers despite the age in which they live such as Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Fransesco Redi (1626-1698), the father Sforza Pallavicino (1607-1667), Fra Paolo Sarpi (1552-1623), the father Daniello Bartoli (1608-1685), the father Paolo Segneri (1624-1694), etc.
Nowadays, there are some important writers in Italy such as: Italo Calvino, Carlo Emilio Gadda, Dino Buzzati, and Elsa Morante. But the most known novel of suspense is In the name of the rose wrote by Umberto Eco.
|Eugenio Montale - Poema 5 de "Xenia" II|
|Salvatore Quasimodo - Your Fire Shipwrecked|
|Dino Campana - Donne Genovesa|
|Giuseppe Ungaretti - Ha Perso Tutto|
|Pier Paolo Pasolini - Abro la Mañana|
|Humberto Saba - Felicita|
|Niccolς di Bernardo dei Machiavelli - Decennale Primo|
|Maria Consolo - Dacché non ci sei|
|Dante Alighieri - Vita Nuova|